A command line tool to interact with Gitea servers
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Contribution Guidelines

Table of Contents

Introduction

This document explains how to contribute changes to TEA. Sensitive security-related issues should be reported to security@gitea.io.

For configuring IDE or code editor to develop Gitea see IDE and code editor configuration

Bug reports

Please search the issues on the issue tracker with a variety of keywords to ensure your bug is not already reported.

If unique, open an issue.

Please write clear, concise instructions so we can reproduce the behavior— even if it seems obvious. The more detailed and specific you are, the faster we can fix the issue. Check out How to Report Bugs Effectively.

Please be kind, remember that TEA comes at no cost to you, and you're getting free help.

Discuss your design

The project welcomes submissions. If you want to change or add something, please let everyone know what you're working on—file an issue! Significant changes must go through the change proposal process before they can be accepted. To create a proposal, file an issue with your proposed changes documented, and make sure to note in the title of the issue that it is a proposal.

This process gives everyone a chance to validate the design, helps prevent duplication of effort, and ensures that the idea fits inside the goals for the project and tools. It also checks that the design is sound before code is written; the code review tool is not the place for high-level discussions.

Testing redux

Before sending code out for review, run all the test by execting: make test Since TEA is an cli tool it should be obvious to test your feature localy first.

Vendoring

We keep a cached copy of dependencies within the vendor/ directory, managing updates via dep.

Pull requests should only include vendor/ updates if they are part of the same change, be it a bugfix or a feature addition.

The vendor/ update needs to be justified as part of the PR description, and must be verified by the reviewers and/or merger to always reference an existing upstream commit.

You can find more information on how to get started with it on the dep project website.

Code review

Changes to TEA must be reviewed before they are accepted—no matter who makes the change, even if they are an owner or a maintainer. We use Giteas's pull request & review workflow to do that. Gitea ensure every PR is reviewed by at least 2 maintainers.

Please try to make your pull request easy to review for us. And, please read the How to get faster PR reviews guide; it has lots of useful tips for any project you may want to contribute. Some of the key points:

  • Make small pull requests. The smaller, the faster to review and the more likely it will be merged soon.
  • Don't make changes unrelated to your PR. Maybe there are typos on some comments, maybe refactoring would be welcome on a function... but if that is not related to your PR, please make another PR for that.
  • Split big pull requests into multiple small ones. An incremental change will be faster to review than a huge PR.

Styleguide

Commands

  • Subcommands should follow the following structure:

    tea <noun> <verb> [<noun>] [<flags>]
    

    for example:

    tea issues list
    tea pulls create
    tea teams add user --team x --user y
    
  • Commands should accept nouns as singular & plural by making use of the Aliases field.

  • The default action without a verb is list.

  • There is a standard set of verbs: list/ls, create, edit, delete

    • ls lists objects with filter options, and applies pagination where available.
    • delete should show info what is deleted and ask user again, if force flag-y is not set
    • Verbs that accept large numbers of flags provide an interactive mode when called without any arguments or flags.
  • Try to reuse as many flag definitions as possible, see cmd/flags/flags.go.

  • Always make sure that the help texts are properly set, and as concise as possible.

Internal Module Structure

  • cmd: only contains comand/flag options for urfave/cli
    • subcomands are in a subpackage named after its parent comand
  • modules/task: contain func for doing something with gitea (e.g. create token by user/passwd)
  • modules/print: contain all functions that print to stdout
  • modules/config: config tea & login things
  • modules/interact: contain functions to interact with user by prompts
  • modules/git: do git related stuff (get info/push/pull/checkout/...)
  • modules/utils: helper functions used by other functions

Code Style

Use make fmt, check with make lint. For imports you should use the following format (without the comments)

import (
  // stdlib
  "encoding/json"
  "fmt"

  // local packages
  "code.gitea.io/gitea/models"
  "code.gitea.io/sdk/gitea"

  // external packages
  "github.com/foo/bar"
  "gopkg.io/baz.v1"
)

Sign-off your work

The sign-off is a simple line at the end of the explanation for the patch. Your signature certifies that you wrote the patch or otherwise have the right to pass it on as an open-source patch. The rules are pretty simple: If you can certify DCO, then you just add a line to every git commit message:

Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@email.com>

Please use your real name; we really dislike pseudonyms or anonymous contributions. We are in the open-source world without secrets. If you set your user.name and user.email git configs, you can sign-off your commit automatically with git commit -s.

Release Cycle

Before we reach v1 there is no fixed release cycle.

Maintainers

To make sure every PR is checked, we have team maintainers. Every PR MUST be reviewed by at least two maintainers (or owners) before it can get merged. A maintainer should be a contributor of Gitea (or Gogs) and contributed at least 4 accepted PRs. A contributor should apply as a maintainer in the Discord #develop channel. The owners or the team maintainers may invite the contributor. A maintainer should spend some time on code reviews. If a maintainer has no time to do that, they should apply to leave the maintainers team and we will give them the honor of being a member of the advisors team. Of course, if an advisor has time to code review, we will gladly welcome them back to the maintainers team. If a maintainer is inactive for more than 3 months and forgets to leave the maintainers team, the owners may move him or her from the maintainers team to the advisors team. For security reasons, Maintainers should use 2FA for their accounts and if possible provide gpg signed commits. https://help.github.com/articles/securing-your-account-with-two-factor-authentication-2fa/ https://help.github.com/articles/signing-commits-with-gpg/

Owners

This repo is part of the Gitea project and as such part of that project's governance.

Since Gitea is a pure community organization without any company support, to keep the development healthy we will elect three owners every year. All contributors may vote to elect up to three candidates, one of which will be the main owner, and the other two the assistant owners. When the new owners have been elected, the old owners will give up ownership to the newly elected owners. If an owner is unable to do so, the other owners will assist in ceding ownership to the newly elected owners. For security reasons, Owners or any account with write access (like a bot) must use 2FA. https://help.github.com/articles/securing-your-account-with-two-factor-authentication-2fa/

After the election, the new owners should proactively agree with our CONTRIBUTING requirements in the Discord #general channel. Below are the words to speak:

I'm honored to having been elected an owner of Gitea, I agree with
[CONTRIBUTING](CONTRIBUTING.md). I will spend part of my time on Gitea
and lead the development of Gitea.

Versions

tea has the master branch as a tip branch and has version branches such as release/v0.9. release/v0.9 is a release branch and we will tag v0.9.0 for binary download. If v0.9.0 has bugs, we will accept pull requests on the release/v0.9 branch and publish a v0.9.1 tag, after bringing the bug fix also to the master branch.

Since the master branch is a tip version, if you wish to use Gitea in production, please download the latest release tag version. All the branches will be protected via GitHub, all the PRs to every branch must be reviewed by two maintainers and must pass the automatic tests.

Code that you contribute should use the standard copyright header:

// Copyright 2020 The Gitea Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a MIT-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

Files in the repository contain copyright from the year they are added to the year they are last changed. If the copyright author is changed, just paste the header below the old one.